Knowledge regarding dental ergonomics and the occurence of musculoskeletal disorders in students at Hasanuddin University Dental Hospital, Indonesia
Pengetahuan tentang ergonomik dental dan terjadinya gangguan musculoskeletal pada mahasiswa di Rumah Sakit Gigi Mulut Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are complaints that are felt when muscles receive static loads repeatedly for a long time, causing disorders in the form of damage to joints, ligaments and tendons. Objective: To determine the relationship between the level of knowledge about dental ergonomics and the occurrence of MSDs in students at Dental Hospital Hasa-nuddin University. Methods: This analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design included 83 dental interns and re-sidents. Assessment of MSDs were derived from Nordic body map (NBM) and a 10-items questionnaire was used to determine the level of knowledge regarding dental ergonomic. Data were analysed with the Spearman correlation test and Pearson chi square test. Results: The Spearman correlation test shows a value of 0.000 (p<0.05), which means that there is a significant relationship between ergonomic knowledge and the occurrence of MSDs among the respondents. Conclusion: Level of know-ledge regarding dental ergonomics, age, education, and the duration of work related with the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders in residents and dental interns.
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